These days, inside of the industrialized world, heart disease is the leading cause of death. While many contagions are treatable, starvation preventable and injuries survivable, truly insidious sicknesses such as heart disease have taken their place as a major source of human fatalities. There are a number of risk factors for heart disease, and some people really are at greater risk than others, sometimes through no fault of their own. But what are the major risk factors for heart disease?
Diet is, of course, the major risk factor for heart disease. A diet heavy in sodium is generally not good for the human heart and a diet heavy in fat and calories combined with a lifestyle that doesn’t burn them up is also a recipe for heart disease. Fast food can, of course, be the kiss of death when combined with an inactive lifestyle, but most people will likely want to be careful with foods like red meat, heavy fats and massive doses of sodium. While all of these things can certainly be fine in moderation, excessive consumption of any of them without the active lifestyle needed to balance them out is an easy way to get heart disease.
In a similar vein, an inactive lifestyle can also be a risk factor in the development of heart disease. Not getting enough exercise is not always an immediate problem, but a thoroughly inactive lifestyle is always a bad idea. The exact amount of exercise needed to help slow the progression of heart disease will, of course, vary depending on the person’s diet. A diet high in fats and cholesterol will likely need far more exercise than one with little heart unfriendly elements. You can find more information about maintaining healthy cholesterol levels on facebook. For heart-healthy diets, it doesn’t take much exercise, but if your diet absolutely must include elements that are bad for your heart, you’ll need a lot more. Exercises intended to improve cardiovascular health are the best, but even a regular jog around the block can help.
Some pharmaceuticals offer their own risk factors for heart disease. While there are too many to list here, the fact is that some prescription drugs do increase the user’s risk of heart disease. While none of these drugs should be discontinued immediately, they will need to be combined with other measures to counteract the potential damage the drugs are doing. A healthier diet and more exercise will usually negate the risks of a drug that can be bad for the heart, though your doctor will likely tell you about what other measures to take when these drugs are prescribed to you.
Finally, the uncontrollable factors of age and predispositions to heart problems coming from genetics or diabetes also bear mentioning. Much like dealing with drugs, a heart-healthy diet, and regular exercise can do a lot to lower the risk of factors leading to heart disease, but there will always be some risk. People with uncontrollable factors are advised to be extra cautious with what they eat and how much they exercise.